Hottest supply and demand of China's machine tool

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Supply and demand, import and export and development trend analysis of China's machine tool industry and sub industries in 2018

I. industry overview

machine tools are machines that process billets or workpieces of metal or other materials to obtain the required geometric shape, dimensional accuracy and surface quality. Machine tools are generally divided into metal cutting machine tools, forging machine tools, casting machinery, woodworking machinery

Machine tool is the foundation of equipment manufacturing industry and the basic production equipment of machinery industry. Its variety, quality and processing efficiency directly affect the production technology level and economic benefits of other mechanical products. Therefore, the modernization level and scale of machine tool industry, as well as the quantity and quality of machine tools are one of the important signs of a country's industrial development

the upstream industries of the machine tool industry include many supporting industries such as mechanical structural parts, electrical equipment, abrasive tools and abrasives, computer control, and the downstream industries include iron and steel, non-ferrous metal deep processing, etc. the metal calendering products produced by the downstream industries (such as metal plate, metal belt, metal foil) are widely used in mechanical equipment, automotive industry, shipbuilding industry, household appliance industry, power equipment, high-speed railway locomotive, construction, aerospace Textile and paper industry and other fields of the national economy

II. Analysis of China's machine tool industry and market segments

1. Supply and demand analysis of the machine tool industry

China is the largest producer and consumer in the global machine tool market and an important participant in the global machine tool market. According to the data of German machine tool manufacturer (VDW), the main consumption demand of the world machine tool market in 2016 was 67.6 billion euros, and China's consumption accounted for 31.9%, making it the world's largest machine tool consumption market, while the United States, Germany, Japan and Italy together carved up about 1/3 of the consumption market; In 2016, the output value of the world machine tool market reached 67.857 billion euros, with China, Germany, Japan, the United States and Italy in the top five, of which China's output accounted for 25.16%

according to the statistics of China Machine Tool Industry Association, from 2015 to 2017, the total consumption of China's machine tool market was US $27.5 billion, US $27.5 billion and US $30 billion respectively, and the total output of China's machine tools was US $22.1 billion, US $22.9 billion and us $24.5 billion respectively. After the stabilization of the machine tool market in 2016, the domestic machine tool industry gradually improved due to the downstream market demand for intelligent manufacturing in 2017

2. Supply and demand analysis of segmented industries

according to the statistical data of China Machine Tool Industry Association, the output of metal cutting machine tools in China was about US $12.2 billion and US $13.35 billion in 2016 and 2017, and the output value in 2017 increased by 9.43% over the same period of last year; The corresponding output in the same period was 783200 units and 643000 units respectively, and the output in 2017 decreased by 17.88% compared with the same period last year. While the output of metal cutting machine tools decreases, the output value increases, which means that the product performance, grade and price of metal cutting machine tools in China have improved. According to the latest data from the National Bureau of statistics, metal cutting machine tools produced 131000 units in 2018, with a year-on-year increase of 3.1%. In recent years, with the effectiveness of China's industrial restructuring and the recovery of the global economy, the market demand for metal cutting machine tools has further increased. In 2017, China's consumption of metal cutting machine tools was $18.4 billion, an increase of 7.8% year-on-year; Exports reached US $2.18 billion, a year-on-year increase of 13.2%; Imports reached US $7.23 billion, an increase of 18.4% year-on-year

in 2016, the output of CNC metal cutting machine tools in China was 250000 units, with a year-on-year increase of 5.07%; It is estimated that in 2018, the output of China's CNC metal cutting machine tools will reach 267000 sets of structure and operation methods of concrete pressure testing machines, with an average annual compound growth rate of about 3.47%. In 2022, the output of China's CNC metal cutting machine tools will reach 306000 sets. The output of numerical control metal cutting machine tools continues to rise. In the future, while the production capacity of metal cutting machine tools in China will maintain a stable growth, significant progress will be made in the high-speed, precision, intelligence and other aspects of products

III. import and export analysis of China's machine tool industry

the company is a super large construction profile enterprise in Southwest China. In the world machine tool industry, Japan and Germany have always occupied the top two in the world machine tool output value. However, the outbreak of the financial crisis in 2008 led to downstream demand. All the test conditions and evaluation conditions in the new national standard are selected according to the actual use conditions of the products. The test conditions are depressed, It has a great adverse impact on the machine tool industry of the two countries. Benefiting from the continuous growth of China's economic development and fixed asset investment, China's machine tool industry is relatively less affected by the financial crisis. The output value of the machine tool industry has jumped to the first place in the world since 2009, and has always maintained the position of the world's largest machine tool producer

China's machine tool market presents a situation of synchronous import and export fluctuations. On the one hand, domestic machine tool enterprises fill the market gap and open the international market through low-end machine tools; On the other hand, high-end precision machine tools still have to rely on imports. In 2017, China's machine tool exports totaled US $3.29 billion, an increase of 11.4% year-on-year; The total import of machine tools was US $8.74 billion, an increase of 16.3% year-on-year. Although the total import of machine tools has increased, the proportion of imported machine tools in the total size of the domestic machine tool market fell from 41.4% in 2012 to 29.16% in 2017, indicating that domestic enterprises are striving to develop towards high-end technology and replace imports, and gradually reduce China's dependence on foreign high-end machine tools

IV. development trend of machine tool industry

in recent years, China's machine tool industry has developed from simplification, low numerical control degree and low efficiency to multi variety, full series, high precision and intelligence, and great progress has been made in the adjustment of product structure. Specifically, the future development trend of China's roll industry is as follows:

1. Precision and efficiency

the upgrading and transformation of mechanical equipment, automotive industry, shipbuilding industry, household appliances, electrical equipment, high-speed rail locomotives and other industries have given birth to the urgent demand for the quality, performance, accuracy and stability of key basic parts, and the continuous improvement of the requirements for the grinding process in the production link, As one of the important production equipment in the mechanical manufacturing industry, CNC grinding machine tools are developing in the direction of stability, high efficiency, high precision and so on

2. Intelligent manufacturing and informatization

automation and intellectualization are conducive to improving the unmanned operation level of equipment, reducing the labor intensity of operators, improving the reliability of the system, and improving processing efficiency. On the basis of automation technology, intelligent technology will be more conducive to improving the reliability and safety of equipment, which is reflected in the system's self-learning ability. According to different working conditions and grinding requirements, through big data analysis, it will automatically generate the best grinding process parameters and monitoring indicators, automatically iterate and optimize the process in the grinding process, automatically program and simplify operation, intelligent diagnosis and intelligent monitoring, etc

3. Flexible integration

flexible technology is one of the main means for the manufacturing industry to adapt to the dynamic market demand and the rapid renewal of products, which is conducive to improving the flexibility of equipment application. Its focus is to improve the reliability of the system, and pay attention to the development from single machine development to network integrated manufacturing system. At the same time, the integration of different technologies, the combination of different design schemes, and the flexible application of the public platform of mechanical structure will give play to the advantages of integrated innovation and accelerate the speed of product renewal. At present, some medium and high-end manufacturers in the domestic roll grinder industry have begun to establish flexible production lines of intelligent grinding equipment to meet the requirements of flexible integration of the industry

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